Muscle movement patterns can be affected when nerves or muscles experience injury or have a painful stimulus of any sort. Neuromuscular re-education is a technique used to restore movement patterns through the repetitive motion to retrain control centers of the brain and reflexive actions of the spinal cord to perform in accordance with what is intended.
The strength of a muscle is dependent on many factors:
- anatomic and physiological status of the muscle fibers at the time of contraction
- number and synchrony of the contracting fibers
- number and frequency of nerve impulses reaching the muscle fibers
- functional status of the neuromuscular junctions
- structural and functional condition of the tissues surrounding the muscle fibers, such as blood vessels and connective tissue
O. Leonard Huddleston, M.D., Ph.D. 1954;156(15):1396-1398. doi:10.1001/jama.1954.02950150018005.
The effectiveness of a treatment may address any or all of the above elements to elicit a more powerful, safe muscle contraction.